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Childbirth

Childbirth

Description

Childbirth is the natural process of giving birth; it is also referred to as parturition or delivery. It involves labor which is a progressive series of rhythmic contractions of the uterus which cause effacement of the uterine cervix and, ultimately, birth. Premature labor, postmature labor, premature rupture of membranes, and cesarean birth are several of the complications of childbirth.

Causes

Pregnancy

Signs & Symptoms

Contraction of uterine muscles which become more regular and frequent
Twinges of backache
Indigestion-like pain
Bloody vaginal discharge
Breaking water

Nutritional Supplements

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General Supplements
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Adult
Folic Acid 400 - 800 mcg
Vitamin B-6 25 - 50 mg
Vitamin B-12 100 - 1,000 mcg
Vitamin C1,000 - 3,000 mg
Vitamin E 400 - 800 IU
Vitamin K 1 - 2 mcg
Zinc 20 - 40 mg



Note: All amounts are in addition to those supplements having a Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA). Due to individual needs, one must always be aware of a possible undetermined effect when taking nutritional supplements. If any disturbances from the use of a particular supplement should occur, stop its use immediately and seek the care of a qualified health care professional.

Dietary Considerations

Digestion slows considerably with the onset of Childbirth. Foods and liquids should be restricted at the first sign of labor and completely withheld during the second stage to avoid vomiting and aspirating food. Ice chips can be sucked to keep the mouth moist.

If a proper diet is consumed during pregnancy, a woman's nutritional stores are adequate for handling the physical exertion and blood loss associated with childbirth. For this reason, there is no need for supplements or special diets after uncomplicated childbirth by a woman with no intention of breast feeding.

Women who gain 20 to 30 pounds during pregnancy can attain their pre-pregnancy weight in two to six months after delivery by following a Dietary Goals Diet.

Breast feeding will aid in weight reduction, as it utilizes 500 calories per day over the pre-pregnancy needs of the mother. An extra quart of milk per day will provide the added nutrients and liquids for milk production.

Non-nursing mothers who need to lose weight because of excess weight gain during pregnancy, or pre-pregnancy obesity, can take up the Weight Reduction Diet two to four weeks after delivery.

Homeopathic Remedy

1.* Caulophyllum thalictroides tinct.        3C furthers progress of labor
2. Belladonna tinct.                        30C
3. Cimicifuga racemosa tinct.                15C

Treatment Schedule

Doses cited are to be administered on a 3X daily schedule, unless otherwise indicated. Dose usually continued for 2 weeks. Liquid preparations usually use 8-10 drops per dose. Solid preps are usually 3 pellets per dose. Children use 1/2 dose.

Legend

X = 1 to 10 dilution - weak (triturition)
C = 1 to 100 dilution - weak (potency)
M = 1 to 1 million dilution (very strong)
X or C underlined means it is most useful potency

Asterisk (*) = Primary remedy. Means most necessary remedy. There may be more than one remedy - if so, use all of them.

References

Boericke, D.E., 1988. Homeopathic Materia Medica.

Coulter, C.R., 1986. Portraits of Homeopathic Medicines.

Kent, J.T., 1989. Repertory of the Homeopathic Materia Medica.

Koehler, G., 1989. Handbook of Homeopathy.

Shingale, J.N., 1992. Bedside Prescriber.

Smith, Trevor, 1989. Homeopathic Medicine.

Ullman, Dana, 1991. The One Minute (or so) Healer.

Herbal Approaches

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Herbs
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Blue cohosh
Nettle
Red raspberry plant

Note: The misdirected use of an herb can produce severely adverse effects, especially in combination with prescription drugs. This Herbal information is for educational purposes and is not intended as a replacement for medical advice.

Aromatherapy - Essential Oils

Geranium EssenceJasmine Essence
Lavender EssenceRose Essence



Related Health Conditions

Backache
Cesarean birth
Pain
Postmature birth
Premature birth

Abstracts

References

Anonymous: Vaginal Bacteria Implicated in Premature Births. Infectious Disease News, August 8, 1991;19.

Barclay, S., et al: Reduced Erythrocyte Superoxide Dismutase Activity in Low Birth Weight Infants Given Iron Supplements. Pediatric Research, 1991;29:297-301.

Bedwal, R.S., et al: Effects of Zinc Deficiency and Toxicity on Reproductive Organs, Pregnancy and Lactation: A Review. Trace Elements in Medicine, 1991;8(2):89-100.

Benny, P. S.: Nutrition in Pregnancy in The Wellington Region. New Zealand Journal of Medicine, February 13, 1991;104(905): 29-32.

Berkow, R. 1977. The Merck Manual. Merck Sharp and Dohme Research Laboratories Pub., Rahway, New Jersey. 2165 pp.

Bland, Jeffrey. Nutraerobics. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1983.

Bland, Jeffrey. Medical Applications of Clinical Nutrition. New Canaan, Conn.: Keats, 1983.

Brien, J. F. & Smith, G.: Effects of Alcohol (on the fetus). Journal of Developmental Physiology, 1991;15:21-32.

Coleman, F.H.: Safety and Efficacy of Combined Ritodrine and Magnesium Sulfate For Preterm Labor: A Method For Reduction of Complications. American Journal of Perinatology, October 1990;7(4):366-369.

Editorial: "Warm Bath Can Ease Birth Pain", Family Practice News, May 15-31, 1991;1,61.

Goel, M, et al.: Serum Magnesium Level in Pregnancy. Indian Veterinary Medical Journal, June 1991;15:83-87.

Hamilton, H.K. ed. 1982. Professional Guide To Diseases Intermed Communications Inc. Pub, Springfield, Massachusetts. 1323 pp.

Howe, P.S. 1981. Basic Nutrition in Health and Disease, 7th ed. W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia.

Hui, Y.H. 1983. Human Nutrition and Diet Therapy. Wadsworth, Inc; Belmont, California. 1039 pp.

James H et al., Biochemical profile of African American women during three trimesters of pregnancy and at delivery. J Nutr, 1994 Jun, 124:6 Suppl, 943S-953S.

Kaur, J. et al: Effect of Pharmacologic Doses of Vitamin D During Pregnancy on Placental Protein Status and Birth Weight. Nutrition Research, 1991;11:1077-1081.

Koo, W. & Tsang, R. C: Mineral Requirements of Low Birth Weight Infants (calcium, magnesium, phosphorous). Journal of The American College of Nutrition, 1991;10(5):474-46.

Kunz, J.R.M. 1982. The American Medical Association Family Medical Guide. Random House Pub, New York. 832 pp.

Ludka LM & Roberts CC: Eating and drinking in labor. A literature review. J Nurse Midwifery, 1993 Jul-Aug, 38:4, 199-207.

Meadows, N.J. & D.L. Blozam. Zinc and Small Babies. Lancet, November 21, 1981.

Moretti, C. & F. Fraroli. Pyridoxine Suppresses the Rise in Prolactin and Increases Growth Hormone Induced by Exercise. Lancet, August 12, 1982.

Panth, M. et al: Effect of Vitamin A Supplementation on Plasma Progesterone and Estradiol Levels During Pregnancy. International Journal of Vitamin and Nutrition Research, 1991;61: 17-19.

Reece MS et al., Prostaglandins in selected reproductive tissues in preterm and full-term gestations. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids, 1996 Nov, 55:5, 303-7.

Robinson, C.H. & M.R. Lawler. 1982. Normal and Therapeutic Nutrition. 16th ed. MacMillan Publishing Company, Inc., New York. 849

Sanjurjo P et al., Influence of fatty fish intake during pregnancy in the polyunsaturated fatty acids of erythrocyte phospholipids in the mother at labor and newborn infant. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand, 1995 Sep, 74:8, 594-8.

Schneider, H. ; The Role of The Placenta in Nutrition of the Human Fetus. The American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, April 1991;164(4):967-73.

Schulman ED: Preterm delivery among women in the South Carolina Medicaid High Risk Channeling Project. J Health Care Poor Underserved, 1995, 6:3, 352-67.

Seaward, P.G.R. and Sonnendecker, E.W.W.: Natural Childbirth - The Johannesburg Hospital Experience, 1983-1989., South African Medical Journal, December 1, 1990;78:667-685.

Seelig, M.S. et al: Magnesium in Pregnancy: Special Needs for the Adolescent Mother. Journal of The American College of Nutrition, 1991;10(5):566/Abstract 96.

Siega-Riz AM et al., Maternal underweight status and inadequate rate of weight gain during the third trimester of pregnancy increases the risk of preterm delivery. J Nutr, 1996 Jan, 126:1, 146-53.

Steadstead, H.H. & S.J. Darby. Human Zinc Deficiency: Endocrine Manifestations and Response to Therapy. American Journal Of Clinical Nutrition, 20 (1969).

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Toppozada, M. K.: Role of Prostaglandins in Preeclampsia. ACTA Obstet. Gynecol. Scand., 1990;69:375-377.

Tyler, H.A., et al: Vitamin A and Pregnancy. The Lancet, January 5, 1991;337:48-49.

Volpe, Joseph J.: Cognitive Deficits in Premature Infants. New England Journal of Medicine, July 25, 1991;325(4):276-277.

Westney OE et al., Nutrition, genital tract infection, hematologic values, and premature rupture of membranes among African American Women. J Nutr, 1994 Jun, 124:6 Suppl, 987S-993S.

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Yasodhara, P., M.B, et al: Trace Minerals and Pregnancy: Copper and Zinc. Nutrition Research, 1991;11:15-21.

 


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