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Emphysema

Emphysema

Description

Emphysema is a chronic lung disease in which the minute air sacs of the lungs become distended and lose their elasticity. There is progressive deterioration of the tissues lining the air spaces, which interferes with the process of gas exchange.

Causes

Cigarette smoking
Chronic respiratory infections such as bronchitis
Chronic exposure to air pollution
Chronic exposure to particulate matter
Scarring of the lung tissue following surgery or as a result of tuberculosis
Atrophy of the lung tissue as a result of aging
Genetic predisposition

Signs & Symptoms

Difficult breathing
Dyspnea
Limited ability to perform physical activities
Wheezing
Recurrent respiratory infection
Weakness
Loss of appetite and weight loss
May be accompanied by mucus-producing cough

Nutritional Supplements

Structure & Function:
        Lung Support &
        Circulatory Support


---------------------------------
General Supplements
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B Complex150 mg
Bee Propolis*
Beta carotene100,000 IU
Germanium*
Vitamin Cto tolerance
Zinc picolinate*



* Please refer to the respective topic for specific nutrient amounts.

Note: All amounts are in addition to those supplements having a Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA). Due to individual needs, one must always be aware of a possible undetermined effect when taking nutritional supplements. If any disturbances from the use of a particular supplement should occur, stop its use immediately and seek the care of a qualified health care professional.


Dietary Considerations

Emphysema causes shortness of breath and fatigue. The physical exertion involved in meal preparation, and in chewing and swallowing food tire the individual. This reduces the desire to eat, making it difficult for such individuals to ingest sufficient quantities of foods for adequate nutrition. A Mechanical Soft Diet will minimize the energy expended in eating. Meat and fibrous fruits and vegetables should be omitted as they require too much chewing.

The meals should be small, frequent and calorie-dense. High protein supplements may be acceptable to the individual. If the individual is obese, a Weight Reduction Diet is recommended, and calorie-dense foods should be omitted from the meal plan. A reduction of weight will alleviate some of the respiratory discomfort associated with emphysema.

Homeopathic Remedy

1.* Lobelia inflata                 - 15-30C
2.* Ammonium carbonicum        - 6C-30C
3. Antimonium tartaricum tinct.        -aged

Treatment Schedule

Doses cited are to be administered on a 3X daily schedule, unless otherwise indicated. Dose usually continued for 2 weeks. Liquid preparations usually use 8-10 drops per dose. Solid preps are usually 3 pellets per dose. Children use 1/2 dose.

Legend

X = 1 to 10 dilution - weak (triturition)
C = 1 to 100 dilution - weak (potency)
M = 1 to 1 million dilution (very strong)
X or C underlined means it is most useful potency

Asterisk (*) = Primary remedy. Means most necessary remedy. There may be more than one remedy - if so, use all of them.

References

Boericke, D.E., 1988. Homeopathic Materia Medica.

Coulter, C.R., 1986. Portraits of Homeopathic Medicines.

Kent, J.T., 1989. Repertory of the Homeopathic Materia Medica.

Koehler, G., 1989. Handbook of Homeopathy.

Shingale, J.N., 1992. Bedside Prescriber.

Smith, Trevor, 1989. Homeopathic Medicine.

Ullman, Dana, 1991. The One Minute (or so) Healer.

Herbal Approaches

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Herbs
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Lobelia
Mullein
Pleurisy root

Note: The misdirected use of an herb can produce severely adverse effects, especially in combination with prescription drugs. This Herbal information is for educational purposes and is not intended as a replacement for medical advice.

Discussion:

Lobelia and Mullein extracts have been credited with healing the lungs. Lobelia (Indian tobacco) may be selected in most cases, originating with cigarette smoking.

Pleurisy root has a long-tradition of use as a tea.

See also Aromatherapy

References:

Cambar, P et al., Bronchopulmonary and gastrointestinal effects of lobeline. Arch. Int. Pharmacodyn. 1969, 177:1-27.

Aromatherapy - Essential Oils

Cypress EssenceEucalyptus Essence
Garlic EssenceHyssop Essence
Thyme EssenceWintergreen Essence

Related Health Conditions

Bronchitis
Cough
Inflammation
Pleurisy
Respiratory infections
Smoking

Abstracts

References

B?gin R et al., Emphysema in silica- and asbestos-exposed workers seeking compensation. Chest, 108:647-55, 1995 Sep.

Berkow, R. 1977. The Merck Manual. Merck Sharp and Dohme Research Laboratories Pub., Rahway, New Jersey. 2165 pp.

Bland, Jeffrey. Medical Applications of Clinical Nutrition. New Canaan, Conn.: Keats, 1983.

Hamilton, H. K. ed. 1982. Professional Guide To Diseases Intermed Communications Inc. pub, Springfield, Massachusetts. 1323 pp.

Isselbacher, K.J. & R.D. Adams. 1980. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 9th ed. McGraw Hill Book Company pub, NY. 2073 pp.

Jinno S et al., Epidemiology of emphysema: analysis by autopsy in a series of elderly patients. Nippon Kyobu Shikkan Gakkai Zasshi, 32 Suppl:193-9, 1994 Dec.

Kanazawa, H. et al: The Role of Free Radicals in Neutrophil Elastase in the Development of Pulmonary Emphysema. Internal Medicine, July 1992;31(7):856-860.

Kirschmann, J.D. 1990. Nutrition Almanac: Nutrition Search. McGrew-Hill: New York.

Massaro GD & Massaro D: Retinoic acid treatment abrogates elastase-induced pulmonary emphysema in rats [see comments]. Nat Med, 3(6):675-7 1997 Jun.

Osborne ML et al., Periodicity of asthma, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis in a northwest health maintenance organization. Chest, 110(6):1458-62 1996 Dec.

Robbins, S.L. & R.S. Cotran. 1979. Pathologic Basis of Disease. 2nd ed. Saunders pub co., Philadelphia. 1598 pp.

Robinson, C.H. & M.R. Lawler. 1982. Normal and Therapeutic Nutrition. 16th ed. MacMillan Publishing Company, Inc., N Y. 849 pp.

Satoh K et al., Anorexia nervosa; an association with certain types of soft tissue emphysema. Nippon Kyobu Shikkan Gakkai Zasshi, 32:685-8, 1994 Jul.

Thomas, C.L. 1985. Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Co. Pub., Philadelphia. 2170 pp.

Van Amerongen, C. The Way Things Work; Book Of The Body. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1979.

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