Fever is the elevation of body temperature above normal. 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit measured orally is the standard, but individuals are said to be within a normal range from 96.6 to 99.6 degrees Fahrenheit.
For a person whose normal temperature is 97.8 degrees Fahrenheit, 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit represents a febrile condition. Temperature measured rectally may be 0.5 degrees to 1.0 degrees Fahrenheit higher than the oral measurement.
Fever is triggered by exogenous bacterial toxins or the breakdown products of damaged tissue. These chemicals act on the body's temperature-regulating center in the brain.
Fever increases the body's metabolic rate 7% for every degree Fahrenheit increase, or 15% for every degree centigrade. Cardiac output accelerates, accounting for the quickened pulse and flushed face. Respiratory rate also accelerates, and thrashing may occur from restlessness. These metabolic changes may occur from restlessness.
A low fever may be beneficial as it speeds up metabolism and thus hastens regeneration of tissue. A high fever is dangerous, however, in that proteins necessary for the body's normal functioning are easily damaged by heat.
Temperature greater than 108 degrees Fahrenheit can cause irreversible damage and even death.
Signs & Symptoms
Hot, dry skin
Loss of appetite
Nausea, sometimes vomiting
Constipation or diarrhea
Scant, highly colored urine
Delirium if temperature is greater than 105 degrees Fahrenheit
Structure & Function: Immune System Support
Beta carotene 25,000 IU Garlic tid Vitamin A 10,000 IU Vitamin C to tolerance
* Please refer to the respective topic for specific nutrient amounts.
Note: All amounts are in addition to those supplements having a Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA). Due to individual needs, one must always be aware of a possible undetermined effect when taking nutritional supplements. If any disturbances from the use of a particular supplement should occur, stop its use immediately and seek the care of a qualified health care professional.
Bee propolis and brewer's yeast have also been suggested.
Nutritional management is geared towards a plentiful consumption of protein and calories; a Protein Enriched Diet is recommended. Dietary protein should be increased, moreover, to aid in tissue repair and growth; protein is needed for the production of white blood cells, antibodies, and other factors essential to the immune response, and can prevent muscle wastage and weight loss due to catabolism of endogenous protein. The metabolic changes cause a greater calorie expenditure, hence extra calories should be provided in the diet to avoid a negative nitrogen balance and muscle wastage.
Three or four quarts of liquids should be consumed to minimize dehydration.
Nitrogen, potassium, magnesium, inorganic phosphorus, zinc, sulfur and sodium chloride are lost through sweat during high fevers; they should be replaced eating foods high in these nutrients, or by taking supplements.
1. First sign of fever, sudden thirst, after exposure to cold, dry weather - Aconitum Napellus tinct.. 2. Burning up (delirium) - Belladonna tinct.. 3. Dry heat, gulps drinks down - Bryonia alba tinct.. 4. Chills - Nux vomica. 5. Chills, exhaustion, wants small drinks, frequently - Arsenicum Album. 6. Hot and cold - Sulphur. 7. Weak, trembly - Gelsemium sempervirens. 8. Hot and cold, salivation, halitosis - Mercurius Vivus. 9. Flushes and pales easily - Ferrum phosphoricum. 10. Weepy child who won't be put down - Pulsatilla nigricans.
Doses cited are to be administered on a 3X daily schedule, unless otherwise indicated. Dose usually continued for 2 weeks. Liquid preparations usually use 8-10 drops per dose. Solid preps are usually 3 pellets per dose. Children use 1/2 dose.
X = 1 to 10 dilution - weak (triturition)
C = 1 to 100 dilution - weak (potency)
M = 1 to 1 million dilution (very strong)
X or C underlined means it is most useful potency
Asterisk (*) = Primary remedy. Means most necessary remedy. There may be more than one remedy - if so, use all of them.
Boericke, D.E., 1988. Homeopathic Materia Medica.
Coulter, C.R., 1986. Portraits of Homeopathic Medicines.
Kent, J.T., 1989. Repertory of the Homeopathic Materia Medica.
Koehler, G., 1989. Handbook of Homeopathy.
Shingale, J.N., 1992. Bedside Prescriber.
Smith, Trevor, 1989. Homeopathic Medicine.
Ullman, Dana, 1991. The One Minute (or so) Healer.
Ferr. Phos. primary remedy, rapid pulse, flushed face; Kali Mur. greyish coated tongue, constipation, light-colored stools; Kali Phos. nervous condition, excitement and weakness; Kali Sulf. temperature rises during the evening; Nat. Mur. excessive thirst, dry skin, hay fever;
4 tablets every half an hour, less frequently as the fever subsides
White willow bark
Note: The misdirected use of an herb can produce severely adverse effects, especially in combination with prescription drugs. This Herbal information is for educational purposes and is not intended as a replacement for medical advice.
Fever is a natural process and healthy individuals may benefit from letting it run its course (no more than a day or two).
Ginger capsules and compresses may further stimulate circulation and encourage sweating, by which toxins are released. It may also be taken as a tea.
Fever teas also include: Catnip, Peppermint and White willow bark (the natural aspirin).
Hoffmann, D: The New Holistic Herbal. Element, 1983. Third edition 1990.
Aromatherapy - Essential Oils
Bergamot Essence, Chamomile Essence, Clove Essence, Coriander Essence, Cypress Essence, Eucalyptus Essence, Lavender Essence, Lemongrass Essence, Rosemary Essence, Rosewood Essence, Spearmint Essence, Tea Tree Essence, Thyme Essence.
Related Health Conditions
Abscess Appendicitis Cancer Heart disorders Hemorrhage Infection Influenza Pneumonia Thyroid disorders
Adanja, Benko J., et al: Rheumatic Fever and The Diet, Israel Journal of Medical Sciences. 1991;27:161-163.
Alpers, D.H., R.E. Clouse & W.F. Stenson. 1983. Manual of Nutritional Therapeutics. Little, Brown, and Company, Boston. 457
Beisel, W.R. 1983. Infectious dieases, Nutritional Support of Medical Pratice. 2nd ed. H.A. Schneider. Harper and Row, Philadelphia.
Bland, Jeffrey. Nutraerobics. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1983.
Bland, Jeffrey. Medical Applications of Clinical Nutrition. New Canaan, Conn.: Keats, 1983.
Braunschweig CL et al., Parenteral zinc supplementation in adult humans during the acute phase response increases the febrile response. J Nutr, 1997 Jan, 127:1, 70-4.
Cuthbertson, D. P. 1964. Physical injury and it's effect on protein metabolism. Mammalian Protein Metabolism. Vol II. H.N. Munro and J.B. Allison, eds. Academic Press, N. Y.
Eagles, J.A. & M.N. Randall. 1980. Handbook of Normal and Therapeutic Nutrition. Raven Press, New York. 323 pp.
Fried, T. R. et al: Low Vitamin A During Measles. American Journal of Diseases in Children, October 1992;146:1134.
Hall, C.: Vitamin A Treatment of Measles. Pediatrics, May 1993;91(5):1014-1015.
Howe, 1981. Basic Nutrition in Health and Disease, Saunders Co., Phila.
Hurst, J.W., ed. Medicine For The Practicing Physician. Boston: Butterworth Publishers (1983).
Isselbacher, K.J. & R.D. Adams. 1980. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 9th ed. McGraw Hill Book Company Pub, New York. 2073 pp.
Kinney, J.M. & D.H. Elwyn. 1983. Protein metabolism and injury. Annual Review Of Nutrition, 3.
Kirschmann, J.D. 1990. Nutrition Almanac: Nutrition Search. McGrew-Hill: New York.
L”nnerdal B et al., Effect of postpartum maternal infection on proteins and trace elements in colostrum and early milk. Acta Paediatr, 1996 May, 85:5, 537-42.
Moore, F.D. 1983. Surgical care and metabolic management of the post operative patient. Nutritional Support of the Seriously Ill Patient." R. W. Winters and H. L. Greene, eds. Academic Press, N.Y.
Stephensen CB et al., Vitamin A is excreted in the urine during acute infection. Am J Clin Nutr, 1994 Sep, 60:3, 388-92.
Stolzenberg R: Possible folate deficiency with postsurgical infection. Nutr Clin Pract, 1994 Dec, 9:6, 247-50.
Thomas, C.L. 1985. Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Co. Pub., Philadelphia. 2170 pp.
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