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Sore

Sore

Description

A sore is a general term for any type of tender or painful lesion of the skin or mucous membrane. It may be a wound, ulcer, or an open lesion.

There are many types of sores, including bedsores, canker sores, which are small lesions of the mouth's mucous membranes which accompany many systemic disorders, cold sores, Dehli sores, desert sores, hard sores, oriental sores, soft venereal sores, and water sores.

Causes

Sores are caused by many conditions. They may be caused by wounds or microorganisms. The cause of many sores is unknown.

Signs & Symptoms

Pain
Tenderness
Skin lesion
Lesion of a mucous membrane

Nutritional Supplements

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General Supplements
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Adult Child/Adolescent
EPO 1 - 3 g 1 - 2 g
Vitamin A2,500 - 20,000 IU2,500 - 10,000 IU
Vitamin B-6 20 - 100 mg 10 - 50 mg
Vitamin C1,000 - 3,000 mg1,000 - 3,000 mg
Vitamin E (Oral) 200 - 600 IU 100 - 300 IU
Zinc 10 - 30 mg 10 - 20 mg



* Please refer to the respective topic for specific nutrient amounts.

Vitamin E may also be utilized in a topical form.         

Note: All amounts are in addition to those supplements having a Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA). Due to individual needs, one must always be aware of a possible undetermined effect when taking nutritional supplements. If any disturbances from the use of a particular supplement should occur, stop its use immediately and seek the care of a qualified health care professional.

Dietary Considerations

A Protein Enriched Diet will provide the nutrients necessary to mount an immune response, and to repair and regenerate tissue. Zinc has a beneficial effect on wound healing and tissue repair. The additional zinc should be ingested either through supplements or zinc-rich foods, such as meats, eggs, seafood, especially oysters.

Herbal Approaches

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Herbs
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Goldenseal
Ginseng
Witch hazel

Note: The misdirected use of an herb can produce severely adverse effects, especially in combination with prescription drugs. This Herbal information is for educational purposes and is not intended as a replacement for medical advice.

Homeopathic Remedy

Arnica Montana tinct.
Echinacea angustifolia
Hamamelis virginica
Hepar sulphuris calcareum
Mercurius Vivus

Treatment Schedule

Doses cited are to be administered on a 3X daily schedule, unless otherwise indicated. Dose usually continued for 2 weeks. Liquid preparations usually use 8-10 drops per dose. Solid preps are usually 3 pellets per dose. Children use 1/2 dose.

Legend
X = 1 to 10 dilution - weak (triturition)
C = 1 to 100 dilution - weak (potency)
M = 1 to 1 million dilution (very strong)
X or C underlined means it is most useful potency
Asterisk (*) = Primary remedy. Means most necessary remedy. There may be more than one remedy - if so, use all of them.

References

Boericke, D.E., 1988. Homeopathic Materia Medica.

Coulter, C.R., 1986. Portraits of Homeopathic Medicines.

Kent, J.T., 1989. Repertory of the Homeopathic Materia Medica.

Koehler, G., 1989. Handbook of Homeopathy.

Shingale, J.N., 1992. Bedside Prescriber.

Smith, Trevor, 1989. Homeopathic Medicine.

Ullman, Dana, 1991. The One Minute (or so) Healer.

Aromatherapy - Essential Oils

Benzoin Essence,Garlic Essence,
Tea Tree Essence.


Related Health Conditions

Sores are related to many conditions including:

Decubitus ulcer
Shingles (herpes zoster)
Infection
Pain

Abstracts

References

Agren, M.S: Selenium, zinc, iron and copper levels in serum of patients with arterial and venous leg ulcers. Acta Der, Venereol. (Stockh): 1986, 66(3): 237-240.

Agren, M.S: Zinc Oxide Increases Degradation of Collagen in Necrotic Wound Tissue. British Journal of Dermatology, 1993;129:221-223.

AHCPR Guideline: Treatment of pressure ulcers: guideline overview. Agency for Health care Policy and Research Rockville, Maryland [news]. J-Natl-Med-Assoc. 1995 Apr; 87(4): 253-4.

Alpers, D.H., R.E. Clouse & W.F. Stenson. 1983. Manual of Nutritional Therapeutics. Little, Brown, and Company, Boston. 457 pp.

Baker, J.L. The Effectiveness of Vitamin E In Reducing the Incidence of Spherical Contracture Around Breast Implants. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 68. 1981.

Bland, Jeffrey. Nutraerobics. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1983.

Bland, Jeffrey. Medical Applications of Clinical Nutrition. New Canaan, Conn.: Keats, 1983.

Burr, R.G. & Rajan, K.T.: Leucocyte ascorbic acid and pressure sores in paraplegia. Br. J. Nutr. 1972, 28: 275-281.

Declair V: The usefulness of topical application of essential fatty acids (EFA) to prevent pressure ulcers. Ostomy Wound Manage, 1997 Jun, 43:5, 48-52, 54.

Eagles, J.A. & M.N. Randall. 1980. Handbook of Normal and Therapeutic Nutrition. Raven Press, New York. 323 pp.

Ferrell, B. A. et al: A Randomized Trial of Low-Air-Loss Beds For Treatment of Pressure Ulcers. JAMA, January 27, 1993;269(4):494-497.

Finucane TE: Malnutrition, tube feeding and pressure sores: data are incomplete. J Am Geriatr Soc, 1995 Apr, 43:4, 447-51.

Goldbaum, J.S. Vitamin C in the Use of Megascorbate Therapy in General Medicine. Austalas Nurses Journal, 11. 1982.

Haeger, K. & Lanner, E.: Oral zinc sulfate and ischemic leg ulcers. Vasa, 1974, 3(1): 77-81.

Hallbook, T. & Lanner, E.: Serum zinc and healing of venous leg ulcers. Lancet, 1972, 2: 780-782.

Himes D: Nutritional supplements in the treatment of pressure ulcers: practical perspectives. Adv Wound Care, 1997 Jan-Feb, 10:1, 30-1.

Hunt, T.K. et al: Effect of vitamin A on reversing the inhibitory effect of cortisone on healing of open wounds in animals and man. Ann. Surg. 1969, 170(4): 633-641.

Ingelfinger, F.J. 1980. Dorland's Medical Dictionary. Saunders Press Pub., Philadelphia. 740 pp.

James H: Preventing pressure sores in patients' homes. Prof Nurse, 1995 Jul, 10:10, 649-50, 652.

Klein, Howard W.: Sugar and Povidone-Iodine Paste For Leg Ulcers? Consultant, January 1991;11.

Kopjas, T.L.: Effect of folic acid on collateral circulation in diffuse chronic arteriosclerosis. J. Am. Geriatr. Soc. 1966, 14(11): 1,187-1,192.

Oster, K.A.: The absorption and inhibition of xanthine oxidase. Am. Lab. 1976: 47-49.

Pinchofsky-Devin, G.D. & Kaminski, M.V.: J. Am. Geriatr. Soc. 1986, 43:435.

Prasad, A.S. Zinc Deficiency in Human Subjects. Progress In Clinical Biological Research, 129. 1983.

Silvetti, A.N. et al: Accelerated wound healing and infection control through the topical application of nutrients. Fed. Proc. 40(3): PtII:922 (Abstract)

Simpson, L.O. et al: Large leg ulcers, Efamol and hyperbaric oxygen. N.Z. Med. J. 1986, 99:552.

Stedman, Thomas Lathrop. Stedman's Medical Dictionary. 24th Edition. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1982.

Stolzenberg R: Possible folate deficiency with postsurgical infection. Nutr Clin Pract, 1994 Dec, 9:6, 247-50.

Taylor, T.V. et al: Ascorbic acid supplementation in the treatment of pressure sores. Lancet, 1974, 2: 544-546.

Thomas, C.L. 1985. Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Co. Pub., Philadelphia. 2170 pp.

Thomas DR: The role of nutrition in prevention and healing of pressure ulcers. Clin Geriatr Med, 1997 Aug, 13:3, 497-511.

 


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