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Inflammation

Inflammation

Description

Inflammation is not itself a disease; it is a symptom of one. It is a protective response to the injury of blood vessels and adjacent tissues.

An inflammatory response involves an area which is undergoing continuous change while the body repairs itself and replaces injured tissues. Often there is vascular dilation and increased blood flow. This lasts for variable amounts of time. White blood cells and the lymphatic system are also involved in the process.

It is a common misconception that inflammation and infection always occur concurrently. Inflammation is a tissue-conserving process modified by whatever produces the reaction, including infections. Furthermore, inflammation may predispose an individual to infection but infection does not necessarily occur. Treatments for inflammation vary, depending on the underlying cause. Anti-inflammatory medications such as aspirin, other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and some steroidal drugs are often prescribed.
 

Causes

There are many causes of the inflammatory response, some of which are:

Physical blows
Tissue invasion by foreign bodies
Microorganisms
Chemicals
Electricity
Heat and cold (thermal inflammation)
Surgery (traumatic inflammation)
Ionizing radiation
 

Signs & Symptoms

The cardinal signs of swelling are:
 

Pain Heat
Redness Swelling
Impaired or disordered function of the affected part  



All of the above symptoms may be observed but no one is necessarily always present.

Other symptoms include:
 

Headache Anorexia
Malaise Fever
Itching  

 

Nutritional Supplements

Structure & Function: Joint Support

---------------------------------
General Supplements
---------------------------------

  Adult Child/Adolescent
 
Bee propolis*    
Bioflavonoids 500 - 1,000 mg 200 - 500 mg
EPO*    
Fish oils 6 - 10 g 3 - 4 g
Garlic*    
Selenium 100 - 300 mcg 50 - 100 mcg
Vitamin C 2,000 - 6,000 mg 1,000 - 2,000 mg
Vitamin E 400 - 1,000 IU 200 - 500 IU
Zinc 20 - 50 mg 10 - 30 mg
Luteolin*  



* Please refer to the respective topic for specific nutrient amounts.

Discussion:-

GLA is usually obtained from Evening Primrose Oil. EPA is mostly derived from fish oils.


Note: All amounts are in addition to those supplements having a Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA). Due to individual needs, one must always be aware of a possible undetermined effect when taking nutritional supplements. If any disturbances from the use of a particular supplement should occur, stop its use immediately and seek the care of a qualified health care professional.

Dietary Considerations

Those suffering from inflammation should follow a Dietary Goals Diet, and be monitored for symptoms of nutritional deficiency.

Anti-inflammatory drugs, such as colchicine or salicylazosulfapyridine, decreased absorption of fat, carotene, sodium, potassium, vitamin B-12, lactose and folate.

Aspirin interferes with intestinal iron absorption, and can create a folacin deficiency. High doses of aspirin, as are prescribed for rheumatoid arthritis, can cause gastrointestinal bleeding leading to iron deficiency anemia.

Corticosteroids, another class of anti-inflammatory agents, can cause any or all of the following:

Increased vitamin D metabolism leading to accelerated bone loss
Decreased glucose tolerance
Gastric ulceration
Increased excretion of vitamin C, potassium, and zinc
Increased vitamin B-6 requirement

Corticosteroids such as Prednisone can cause sodium and water retention, muscle wastage, and/or hypertension. Corticosteroids have many potential side effects. The individual should be carefully monitored for the onset of vitamin and mineral deficiencies, bleeding or edema.
 

Homeopathic Remedy

Inflammation

In Homotoxicology, the following ingredients have been assembled to counter inflammation, of several kinds, including:

localized inflammations with swelling and redness;
inflammations due to cold and wet weather (as in arthritic conditions);
inflammation following trauma.
 

Echinacea angustifolia 2X
   
Belladonna tinct. 4X
   
Bryonia alba tinct. 5X
   
Arnica montana tinct. 6X
Dulcamara 6X
Phytolacca decandra 6X
Pulsatilla nigricans 6X
Rhus Toxicodendron 6X
Thuja occidentalis tinct. 6X
   
Argentum nitricum tinct. 8X
   
Arsenicum Album 10X
Hepar sulphuris calcareum 10X
Mercurius Vivus 10X
   
Lachesis mutus tinct. 12X
Pyrogeneum 12X
Staphylococcinum 12X
   
Influenzinum 15X



See also:        Dermatitis
        Edema
        Infection

Treatment Schedule

Doses cited are to be administered on a 3X daily schedule, unless otherwise indicated. Dose usually continued for 2 weeks. Liquid preparations usually use 8-10 drops per dose. Solid preps are usually 3 pellets per dose. Children use 1/2 dose.

Legend

X = 1 to 10 dilution - weak (triturition)
C = 1 to 100 dilution - weak (potency)
M = 1 to 1 million dilution (very strong)
X or C underlined means it is most useful potency

Asterisk (*) = Primary remedy. Means most necessary remedy. There may be more than one remedy - if so, use all of them.


References

Boericke, D.E., 1988. Homeopathic Materia Medica.

Coulter, C.R., 1986. Portraits of Homeopathic Medicines.

Kent, J.T., 1989. Repertory of the Homeopathic Materia Medica.

Koehler, G., 1989. Handbook of Homeopathy.

Shingale, J.N., 1992. Bedside Prescriber.

Smith, Trevor, 1989. Homeopathic Medicine.

Ullman, Dana, 1991. The One Minute (or so) Healer.

Tissue Salts

 

Calc. Phos. follow-up tonic especially for anemic patients;
   
Calc. Sulf. thick, yellow discharges, sometimes streaked with blood;
   
Ferr. Phos. primary remedy, fever, rapid pulse, headache;
   
Kali Mur. whitish exudate, white-coated tongue;
   
Kali Sulf. yellow discharge;



4 tablets every ½ hour in acute conditions.
 

Herbal Approaches

----------
Herbs
-----------


Aloe vera plant
Comfrey
Mullein
Slippery elm bark
Yarrow

Note: The misdirected use of an herb can produce severely adverse effects, especially in combination with prescription drugs. This Herbal information is for educational purposes and is not intended as a replacement for medical advice.

Discussion:

Bromelain is considered an herb in Germany, being an approved phytopharmaceutical with a major share of the German market: over $13 million p.a.

References:

Blumenthal, M (Ed.): The Complete German Commission E Monographs: Therapeutic Guide to Herbal Medicines. American Botanical Council. Austin, TX. 1998.
 

Aromatherapy - Essential Oils

Peppermint Essence is recommended for inflammatory conditions, while Patchouli Essence is specifically recommended for inflammatory disorders of the skin.

 

Related Health Conditions

Anorexia
Dermatitis
Edema
Infection
Fever
Headaches
Itching
Pain

 

Abstracts

References

Ackerman-MH. et al: Systemic inflammatory response syndrome, sepsis, and nutritional supportCrit-Care-Nurs-Clin-North-Am. 1994 Jun; 6(2): 321-40.

Baggott, J. E. et al: Inhibition of Folate-Dependent Enzymes by Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs, Biochemistry Journal. 1992;282:197-202.

Ballegaard M et al., Self-reported food intolerance in chronic inflammatory bowel disease. Scand J Gastroenterol, 1997 Jun, 32:6, 569-71.

Bland, Jeffrey. Medical Applications of Clinical Nutrition. New Canaan, Conn.: Keats, 1983.

Cerra, F. B. et al: Nutrient Modulation of Inflammatory and Immune Response. The American Journal of Surgery, February 1991;161:230-234.

Chasroff, I.J. & J.W. Ellis. 1983. Family Medical Guide, William Morrow and Company Inc., Pub. 594 pp.

Chicago Dietetic Association and the South Suburban Dietetic Association of Cook and Will Counties. 1981. Manual of Clinical Dietetics. W.B. Saunders Co., Philadephia.

Eschleman, M.M. 1984. Introductory Nutrition and Diet Therapy. J.B. Lipincott Co., Philadelphia. 464 pp.

Ferretti A et al., Increased dietary arachidonic acid enhances the synthesis of vasoactive eicosanoids in humans. Lipids, 1997 Apr, 32:4, 435-9.

Gottlieb MS: Conservative management of spinal osteoarthritis with glucosamine sulfate and chiropractic treatment. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 1997 Jul-Aug, 20:6, 400-14.

Hunt, S.M., J.L. Groff & J. M. Holbrook. 1980. Nutrition: Principles and Clinical Practice John Wileyand Sons, N. Y. 506 pp.

Ingelfinger, F.J. 1980. Dorland's Medical Dictionary. Saunders Press Pub., Philadelphia. 740 pp.

McClain, C.J. et al: Minerals and Inflammatory Response. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, October 1992;11(5):598/Abstract 4.

Metzner, J. Influence of Flavonoids on Capillary Per-meability, Carageenin Edema, and Histamine Spasms. Agents Actions, 10. 1982.

Pennington, J. 1978. Nutritional Diet Therapy. Bull Publishing Co., Palo Alto, Ca. 106 pp.

Prendiville, J. S. & Manfredi, L. N.: Skin Signs of Nutritional DisordersSeminars in Dermatology, March 1992; 11 (1):88-97.

Regtop, H. Leukotrienes and Nutrition. Yearbook Of Nutritional Medicine. New Canaan, Conn.: Bland, Jeffrey, ed. Keats Publishing, 1985.

Reif S et all., Pre-illness dietary factors in inflammatory bowel disease. Gut, 1997 Jun, 40:6, 754-60.

Sharma, S.C. & W.M. Wilson. Cellular Interaction of Ascorbic Acid with Histamine and the Immediate Hypersensitivity Reaction. International Journal Of Vitamin Nutrition Research, 50. 1980.

Stedman, Thomas Lathrop. Stedman's Medical Dictionary. 24th edition. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1982.

Tarayre, J.P. & H. Lauressergues. The Use of Bioflavonoids, Proteolytic Enzymes and Vitamin C In Inflammatory Disorders. Arzneim-forsch., 27 1977.

Thomas, C.L. 1985. Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Co. Pub., Philadelphia. 2170 pp.

Thomson AB & Wild G: Adaptation of intestinal nutrient transport in health and disease. Part II. Dig Dis Sci, 1997 Mar, 42:3, 470-88.
 

 


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