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Baldness

Baldness

Description

Baldness (alopecia) is the partial or complete loss of hair, usually on the head. Loss of hair anywhere on the body is possible and in some cases all bodily hair is lost. In this instance, hair is not likely to return.

There are many forms of this condition, including male pattern baldness, female pattern baldness, temporary baldness and spotty baldness.

Male pattern baldness is thought to be an inherited disorder, and is the most common form of baldness. It usually begins around age 15. The hypothesis exists that male androgens are involved in this condition. A "widow's peak," when hair is lost on both sides of the forehead, leaving a tuft of hair on the scalp, commonly occurs.

Female pattern baldness is common in postmenopausal women, with hair usually thinning around the crown. This condition is also believed to result from hormonal changes. Temporary baldness usually results from illness and can last up to four months. Toxic alopecia is an example.

Spotty baldness can affect any hair on the head, including the beard. This condition usually clears up after a few months, however recurrence is possible.

There are currently no cures or preventative measures for alopecia. Once affected, an individual can have hair transplants, which involves transference of scalp plugs containing active hair follicles.

Causes

HereditySeborrheic dermatitis
AgingBurns due to scar formation
InfectionTuberculosis
ChemotherapyUlcers
InjuryRingworms of the scalp
SyphilisLupus erythematosus
PregnancySlow growing tumors
MyxedemaCrash dieting or malnutrition
PsoriasisExcessive intake of vitamin A
Hormonal changes, including lowered pituitary or thyroid activityFever


Use of certain drugs, especially oral contraceptives, thallium compounds and cytotoxic agent

Signs & Symptoms

Baldness (alopecia) is a symptom of aging, genetic predisposition, or disease.

Nutritional Supplements

Structure & Function: Hair, Skin and Nail Support

---------------------------------
General Supplements
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AdultChild/Adolescent
Biotin400 - 800 mcg n/a
Copper 2 - 3 mg n/a
Cysteine 200 - 500 mg n/a
Methionine500 - 1,000 mg n/a
Vitamin B-9400 - 1,000 mcg n/a
Zinc 20 - 30 mg n/a




Note: All amounts are in addition to those supplements having a Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA). Due to individual needs, one must always be aware of a possible undetermined effect when taking nutritional supplements. If any disturbances from the use of a particular supplement should occur, stop its use immediately and seek the care of a qualified health care professional.

Dietary Considerations

No diet is specifically prescribed for Alopecia by the American Dietetics Association. Barring underlying health condition, a Dietary Goals Diet should be followed to provide all the nutrients necessary for building a sound and disease-resistant body.

Alopecia may be an indication of chronic vitamin A toxicity. Toxicity may occur in the adult when the dosage exceeds 50,000 IU per day. This level may be achieved through therapeutic doses prescribed by a physician or self-prescribed regimens of food faddism or megadose vitamin supplementation.

If high doses of vitamin A are taken over prolonged periods, it should be accompanied by close medical supervision.

Chronic selenium toxicity may also produce baldness; not more than 0.4 micrograms of selenium should be ingested per day.

Homeopathic Remedy

1.* Baryta carbonica - 15C continue for 6 months or longer
2. Thuja occidentalis tinct. - 15C long term use
3. Sepia - 30C use once per day for 6 months (Joussets technique)
4. Lycopodium Clavatum - 6C every 12 hours up to 1 month.

Treatment Schedule

Doses cited are to be administered on a 3X daily schedule, unless otherwise indicated. Dose usually continued for 2 weeks. Liquid preparations usually use 8-10 drops per dose. Solid preps are usually 3 pellets per dose. Children use 1/2 dose.

Legend

X = 1 to 10 dilution - weak (triturition)
C = 1 to 100 dilution - weak (potency)
M = 1 to 1 million dilution (very strong)
X or C underlined means it is most useful potency

Asterisk (*) = Primary remedy. Means most necessary remedy. There may be more than one remedy - if so, use all of them.

References

Boericke, D.E., 1988. Homeopathic Materia Medica.

Coulter, C.R., 1986. Portraits of Homeopathic Medicines.

Kent, J.T., 1989. Repertory of the Homeopathic Materia Medica.

Koehler, G., 1989. Handbook of Homeopathy.

Shingale, J.N., 1992. Bedside Prescriber.

Smith, Trevor, 1989. Homeopathic Medicine.

Ullman, Dana, 1991. The One Minute (or so) Healer.

Herbal Approaches

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Herbs
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Chaparral
Jojoba oil
Nettle
Sagebrush

Note: The misdirected use of an herb can produce severely adverse effects, especially in combination with prescription drugs. This Herbal information is for educational purposes and is not intended as a replacement for medical advice.

Aromatherapy - Essential Oils

Cypress Essence,Jojoba Essence,
Lavender Essence,Rosemary Essence,
Ylang-Ylang Essence.



Related Health Conditions

AgingPregnancy
BurnsPsoriasis
ChemotherapySeborrheic dermatitis
FeverSyphilis
Hormonal changesTuberculosis
InfectionTumor
InjuryUlcers
Lupus erythematosusWorms
MyxedemaRingworm
Oral contraceptives



Abstracts

References

Asanuma N et al., Alopecia universalis with remission during pregnancy and prednisolone therapy. Am J Med Sci, 1997 Jan, 313:1, 67-9.

Beeson, P.B. & Mc Dermott, W. eds. 1975. Textbook of Medicine. 14th ed. Saunders Pub. Co., Philadelphia. 1892 pp.

Berkow, R. 1977. The Merck Manual. Merck Sharp and Dohme Research Laboratories Pub., Rahway, New Jersey. 2165 pp.

Bland, Jeffrey. Nutraerobics. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1983.

Bland, Jeffrey. Medical Applications of Clinical Nutrition. New Canaan, Conn.: Keats, 1983.

Cargnello J: I think I'm losing my hair [see comments]. Aust Fam Physician, 1997 Jun, 26:6, 683-7.

Chasroff, I.J. & J.W. Ellis. 1983. Family Medical Guide, William Morrow and Company Inc., Pub. 594 pp.

Cremer G et al., Tinea capitis in adults: misdiagnosis or reappearance? J: Dermatology, 1997, 194:1, 8-11.

Crouse, R.G. & R.A. Briggaman. 1983. Skin. Nutritional Support of Medical Practice. 2nd ed. H.A. Schneider, C.E. Anderson & D.B. Coursin, eds. Harper and Row, Philadelphia.

Duplechain G & White JA: Male pattern baldness. J La State Med Soc, 1994 Jan, 146:1, 7-8.

Foote SI: Hair growth and the fluid factor. Med Hypotheses, 1995 Jun, 44:6, 475-8

Ford ES et al., Baldness and ischemic heart disease in a national sample of men. Am J Epidemiol, 1996 Apr 1, 143:7, 651-7.

Giralt M; et al., Glutathione, glutathione S-transferase and reactive oxygen species of human scalp sebaceous glands in male pattern baldness. J: J Invest Dermatol, 1996 Aug, 107:2, 154-8

Herrera CR et al., Baldness and coronary heart disease rates in men from the Framingham Study. Am J Epidemiol, 1995 Oct 15, 142:8, 828-33.

Hsu, J.M. & J.C. Smith. Cysteine Feeding Affects Urinary Zinc Excretion in Normal an Ethanol Treated Rats. J Of Nutri, 113. 1983.

Jemec GB & Thomsen K: Pincer nails and alopecia as markers of gastrointestinal malignancy. J Dermatol, 1997 Jul, 24:7, 479-81

Jimenez, J.et al: Treatment With ImuVert/N-Acetylcysteine Protects Rats From Cyclophosphamide/Cytarabine-Induced Alopecia. Cancer Investigation, 1992;10(4):271-276.

Kirschmann, J.D. 1990. Nutrition Almanac: Nutrition Search. McGrew-Hill: New York.

Petersdorf, R.G. & R.D. Adams. 1983. Harrison's Principles Of Internal Medicine. 10th ed. McGraw Hill Pub Co., New York. 2212

Ranki, A., Kikanto & E. Johansson. Characterization of the Cellular Infiltrate in Alopecia. Journal Of Investigative Dermatology, 83 1984.

Reis, P.J. & S.G. Munro. Investigation of Some Amino Acid Analogues as Inhibitors of Hair Growth. Aust J Biol Sci, 36 1983.

Ron IG et al., Scalp cooling in the prevention of alopecia in patients receiving depilating chemotherapy. Support Care Cancer, 1997 Mar, 5:2, 136-8.

Rubin MB: Androgenetic alopecia. Battling a losing proposition. Postgrad Med, 1997 Aug, 102:2, 129-31, 136.

Sawaya ME: Clinical updates in hair. Dermatol Clin, 1997 Jan, 15:1, 37-43.

Schnohr P et al., Gray hair, baldness, and wrinkles in relation to myocardial infarction: the Copenhagen City Heart Study. Am Heart J, 1995 Nov, 130:5, 1003-10.

Wise RP et al., Hair loss after routine immunizations. JAMA, 1997 Oct 8, 278:14, 1176-8.

 


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