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Lactation

Lactation

Description

Lactation covers the processes of producing and secreting milk following birth in order to nourish the baby. A slightly broader scope than breast-feeding.

Breast-feeding is a natural process but may not be successful in every instance.

Causes

The production of milk is a natural process triggered during pregnancy and activated by the suckling infant.

Most mothers can produce a consistent and plentiful supply.

Signs & Symptoms

Engorgement of the breast and the secretion of milk are clear indications. However, most mothers are concerned about the quantity and quality of their milk and various consequences associated with breast-feeding.

Medical advice highly recommends breast feeding initially, to provide the benefits of colostrum. Thereafter breast pumps and refrigeration provide much greater freedom than mothers used to have.

Nutritional Supplements

---------------------------------
General Supplements
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Amino Acid Complex (Free Form)*
Calcium1,500 mg
Magnesium750 mg
Vitamin B Complex100 mg



*Please refer to the respective topic for specific nutrient amounts.

Note: All amounts are in addition to those supplements having a Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA). Due to individual needs, one must always be aware of a possible undetermined effect when taking nutritional supplements. If any disturbances from the use of a particular supplement should occur, stop its use immediately and seek the care of a qualified health care professional.

Dietary Considerations

A well-balanced diet is universally recommended. Whole grains, rich in B-vitamins and raw foods (including nuts and seeds) can contribute to this.

Homeopathic Remedy

DescriptionRemedy
LactorrheaCimicifuga racemosa tinct.
Promote secretion:Galega
Galium
Geranium tinct.



Treatment Schedule

Over-the-counter homeopathic remedies may be single strength (of fairly weak potency e.g. 6X ) or a blend of several weaker strengths (6X, 8X, 10X).

This may comprise a single remedy, or several remedies.

Doses are administered on a 3 times daily (tid), between meals,schedule and continued for 3 days.

Liquid preparations usually use 8-10 drops per dose.

Solid preparations are usually 2 or 3 pellets per dose.

Children use 1/2 dose i.e. 1 pellet.

If there is aggravation of the symptoms, stop taking the remedy and consult a homeopath.

References

Murphy, R. : Homeopathic Medical Repertory. Hahneman Academy, Pagosa Springs, Colorado. 1993.

Murphy, R. : Lotus Materia Medica. Hahneman Academy, Pagosa Springs, Colorado. 1995.

Pert, J.C.: Homeopathy for the Family. The Homoeopathic Development Foundation, London. 1985 edition.

Tissue Salts

Nat. Phos.overfed babies;



Herbal Approaches

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Herbs
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Alfalfa
Blessed Thistle
Dandelion
Fennel
Horsetail
Raspberry

Increase milk flowDecrease milk flow
AlfalfaBlack walnut
Blessed ThistleParsley
DillSage
FennelYarrow
Goat's Rue
Marshmallow
Milk Thistle
Raspberry



Poor milk flow (German Commission E)

Vitex (Chaste Tree fruit)

Note: The misdirected use of an herb can produce severely adverse effects, especially in combination with prescription drugs. This Herbal information is for educational purposes and is not intended as a replacement for medical advice.

Discussion:

Alfalfa is reputed to enrich the milk.

Blessed Thistle is reputed to "oxygenate" the milk.

Marshmallow is reputed to increase butterfat, which is satisfying to the baby.

Parsley helps to dry up milk, although you must also taper off nursing.

References:

Blumenthal, M (Ed.): The Complete German Commission E Monographs: Therapeutic Guide to Herbal Medicines. American Botanical Council. Austin, TX. 1998.

Hoffmann, D: The New Holistic Herbal. Element, 1983. Third edition 1990.

Aromatherapy - Essential Oils

To dry-up:

Peppermint Essence,Sage Essence.



To stimulate:

Aniseed Essence,Caraway Essence,
Fennel Essence,Lemongrass Essence.


Related Health Conditions

Benign Breast Disease
Cancer
Childbirth
Childhood Diseases
Lactose Intolerance
Pregnancy

Abstracts

References A - J

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Hurst-NM: Lactation after augmentation mammoplasty. Obstet-Gynecol. 1996 Jan; 87(1): 30-4.

Innis-SM: The 1993 Borden Award Lecture. Fatty acid requirements of the newborn. Can-J-Physiol-Pharmacol. 1994 Dec; 72(12): 1483-92.

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References K - P

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Katsouyanni K et al., A case-control study of lactation and cancer of the breast. Br J Cancer, 1996 Mar, 73:6, 814-8.

Kavanaugh-K et al: Getting enough: mothers' concerns about breastfeeding a preterm infant after discharge Journal-of-Obstetric-Gynecologic-and-Neonatal-Nursing. 1995 Jan; 24(1): 23-32. (36 ref)

Keizer-SE et al: Postpartum folic acid supplementation of adolescents: impact on maternal folate and zinc status and milk composition. Am-J-Clin-Nutr. 1995 Aug; 62(2): 377-84.

Klein-CJ: A longitudinal study of urinary calcium, magnesium, and zinc excretion in lactating and nonlactating postpartum women. Am-J-Clin-Nutr. 1995 Apr; 61(4): 779-86.

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Krebs-NF: Zinc supplementation during lactation: effects on maternal status and milk zinc concentrations. Am-J-Clin-Nutr. 1995 May; 61(5): 1030-6.

Krebs NF et al., Bone mineral density changes during lactation: maternal, dietary, and biochemical correlates. Am J Clin Nutr, 1997 Jun, 65:6, 1738-46.

Lachat-MF et al: Caring for the morbidly obese pregnant woman American-Journal-of-MaternalChild-Nursing. 1995 Mar-Apr; 20(2): 101-6 (22 ref)

Law-S: Risks of vegan diets during pregnancy and lactation. AARN-Newsletter 1995 Mar; 51(3): 11 (5 ref).

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L”nnerdal B et al., Effect of postpartum maternal infection on proteins and trace elements in colostrum and early milk. Acta Paediatr, 1996 May, 85:5, 537-42.

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