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Perspiration

Perspiration

Description

Perspiration (or sweating) is the production and excretion of sweat from the sweat glands.

The primary purpose is to allow for the cooling of the skin (the body’s largest organ) by evaporation.

Most profuse sweating, for the purpose of cooling, takes place at the forehead, neck and chest. This is why we see a typical exercise outfit consisting of a headband and “sweatshirt” which will display these familiar patterns as the cotton material becomes soaked.

Causes

Related to its primary purpose, the sweat glands respond to increasing temperatures by releasing sweat. This is usually in hot weather but may also be brought on by exercise, even in cold conditions, or by a fever.

Sweating also occurs as an autonomic response to psychological stress, or fear.

Signs & Symptoms

Body odor is not, in fact, directly due to sweat but indirectly once bacteria act upon it.

This is a well-known problem in adults, the apocrine glands in the areas with pubic hair (armpits and groin) only develop at puberty. These glands produce cellular material as well as sweat and open into a hair follicle before reaching the surface of the skin.

The other form of sweat gland, eccrine glands, cover the rest of the body although they are more numerous over the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. They open directly to the skin’s surface. Eccrine sweat is 99% water plus some electrolytes, chiefly salt (sodium chloride).

Nutritional Supplements

Perspiration - (Exercise)

Structure & Function:
        Multi Vitamin/Multi Mineral Formulas &
        Detoxification


---------------------------------
General Supplements
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Mineral Electrolytes, typically:         

        Calcium*
        Magnesium*
        Potassium*
        Sodium*
Water        

*Please refer to the respective topic for specific nutrient amounts.

Note: All amounts are in addition to those supplements having a Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA). Due to individual needs, one must always be aware of a possible undetermined effect when taking nutritional supplements. If any disturbances from the use of a particular supplement should occur, stop its use immediately and seek the care of a qualified health care professional.

Dietary Considerations

Cool foods, quite literally, help to reduce the core body temperature, while hot, spicy foods can promote heavy, almost feverish sweating, when desired.

Homeopathic Remedy

DescriptionRemedy
HyperhidrosisSulphur
Sudoresis (feet):Psorinum
Sulphur



Treatment Schedule

Over-the-counter homeopathic remedies may be single strength (of fairly weak potency e.g. 6X ) or a blend of several weaker strengths (6X, 8X, 10X).

This may comprise a single remedy, or several remedies.

Doses are administered on a 3 times daily (tid), between meals,schedule and continued for 3 days.

Liquid preparations usually use 8-10 drops per dose.

Solid preparations are usually 2 or 3 pellets per dose.

Children use 1/2 dose i.e. 1 pellet.

If there is aggravation of the symptoms, stop taking the remedy and consult a homeopath.

References

Murphy, R. : Homeopathic Medical Repertory. Hahneman Academy, Pagosa Springs, Colorado. 1993.

Murphy, R. : Lotus Materia Medica. Hahneman Academy, Pagosa Springs, Colorado. 1995.

Pert, J.C.: Homeopathy for the Family. The Homoeopathic Development Foundation, London. 1985 edition.

Tissue Salts

Kali Sulf.balances perspiration;



Herbal Approaches

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Herbs
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Suppressed i.e. lack of perspiration.

Buckthorn
Capsicum
Ginger
Yarrow

Excessive i.e. excess perspiration (German Commission E)

Sage leaf
Walnut leaf (see under Black walnut)

Note: The misdirected use of an herb can produce severely adverse effects, especially in combination with prescription drugs. This Herbal information is for educational purposes and is not intended as a replacement for medical advice.

References:

Blumenthal, M (Ed.): The Complete German Commission E Monographs: Therapeutic Guide to Herbal Medicines. American Botanical Council. Austin, TX. 1998.

Aromatherapy - Essential Oils

Odorous sweat, as in TB, can be treated with Thyme Essence.

Profuse sweating from the forehead can be treated with Sage Essence.

"Sweaty feet" are almost a condition, in themselves. Cypress Essence, or Pine Essence are recommended.

Related Health Conditions

Anorexia Nervosa
Bulimia Nervosa
Fever
Menopause
Thyroid Disorders
Underweight

Abstracts

References

Ament W et al., Lactate and ammonia concentration in blood and sweat during incremental cycle ergometer exercise. Int J Sports Med, 1997 Jan, 18:1, 35-9.

Burke LM: Nutrition for post-exercise recovery. Aust J Sci Med Sport, 1997 Mar, 29:1, 3-10.

Cotter JD et al., Sweat distribution before and after repeated heat exposure. Eur J Appl Physiol, 1997, 76:2, 181-6.

Crespo-R et al: Biochemical markers of nutrition in elite-marathon runners. Journal-of-Sports-Medicine-and-Physical-Fitness. 1995 Dec; 35(4): 268-72. (24 ref)

Davies S et al., Age-related decreases in chromium levels in 51,665 hair, sweat, and serum samples from 40,872 patients--implications for the prevention of cardiovascular disease and type II diabetes mellitus. Metabolism, 1997 May, 46:5, 469-73.

Dolev-E: Interpretation of zinc status indicators in a strenuously exercising population. Journal-of-the-American-Dietetic-Association, 1995 Apr; 95(4): 482-4. (25 ref)

Drummond, PD: Sweating and vascular responses in the face: normal regulation and dysfunction in migraine, cluster headache and harlequin syndrome. Clin Auton Res 1994 Oct;4(5):273-85. [published erratum appears in Clin Auton Res 1995 Apr; 5(2):116].

Hambraeus-L et al: A suit calorimeter for energy balance studies on humans during heavy exercise. Eur-J-Appl-Physiol. 1994; 68(1): 68-73.

Inoue Y: Longitudinal effects of age on heat-activated sweat gland density and output in healthy active older men. Eur J Appl Physiol, 1996, 74:1-2, 72-7.

Jung K et al., The sweat of patients with atopic dermatitis contains specific IgE antibodies to inhalant allergens. Clin Exp Dermatol, 1996 Sep, 21:5, 347-50.

Kamei T et al., Instrumentation of a handy microscopic probe for concurrent observation and measurement of active sweat secretion, and its applications. J Pharm Biomed Anal, 1997 Jun, 15:9-10, 1563-9.

Keatisuwan W et al., Physiological responses of women during exercise under dry-heat condition in winter and summer. Appl Human Sci, 1996 Jul, 15:4, 169-76.

Keatisuwan W et al., Physiological responses of men and women during exercise in hot environments with equivalent WBGT. Appl Human Sci, 1996 Nov, 15:6, 249-58.

Kendrick-ZV et al: Exercise, aging, and nutrition. South-Med-J. 1994 May; 87(5): S50-60.

Lukaski-HC Micronutrients (magnesium, zinc, and copper): are mineral supplements needed for athletes? Int-J-Sport-Nutr. 1995 Jun; 5 Suppl: S74-83.

Maughan RJ et al., Factors influencing the restoration of fluid and electrolyte balance after exercise in the heat. Br J Sports Med, 1997 Sep, 31:3, 175-82.

Maughan RJ & Shirreffs SM: Recovery from prolonged exercise: restoration of water and electrolyte balance. J Sports Sci, 1997 Jun, 15:3, 297-303.

Rodrigues-ME et al: Concentration of electrolytes in the sweat of malnourished children. Arch-Dis-Child. 1994 Aug; 71(2): 141-3.

Sanchez-Castillo-CP & James-WP: A metabolic unit for studies on human nutrition. Arch-Latinoam-Nutr. 1993 Dec; 43(4): 277-85.

Shimazu M et al., A new approach to analysis of human sweating. Experientia, 1996 Feb 15, 52:2, 131-5.

Shirreffs SM & Maughan RJ: Whole body sweat collection in humans: an improved method with preliminary data on electrolyte content. J Appl Physiol, 1997 Jan, 82:1, 336-41.

Steen-SN: ADA reports. Timely statement of the American Dietetic Association: nutrition guidance for child athletes in organized sports. Journal-of-the-American-Dietetic-Association, 1996 Jun; 96(6): 610-1. (13 ref)

Tipton-K et al: Zinc loss in sweat of athletes exercising in hot and neutral temperatures. Int-J-Sport-Nutr. 1993 Sep; 3(3): 261-71.

Waller-MF & Haymes-EM: The effects of heat and exercise on sweat iron loss. Medicine-and-Science-in-Sports-Exercise. 1996 Feb; 28(2): 197-203.

Yamauchi M et al., Sweating economy by graded control in well-trained athletes. Pflugers Arch, 1997 Apr, 433:6, 675-8.