? Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
CHAMOMILE (Chamaemelum nobile; Matricaria chamomilla/recutita)
Family: Compositae (daisy)
Source: The Essential oil is obtained from the Flowers.
Fragrance:: Apple-like, musty.
Volatility: Middle note.
General description and habitat:
Many species, all having finely divided leaves and daisy-like flowers. The sweet variety (Chamaemelum nobile) reaches a height of up to 15-23 cm and flowers between June and August, whereas the wild variety (Matricaria chamomilla) can reach up to 1 meter and flowers from May to August.
Principal constituents: Azulene which is formed during distillation.
History and folk use:
The ancient Egyptians venerated this plant. Hippocrates dedicated it to the sun because it cured agues.
It was established in monastery and domestic herb gardens by the seventeenth century for medicinal and beauty purposes. The Pilgrim Fathers took it with them to the New World. In 1656 the herbalist Parkinson advised using it when bathing.
Chamomile oil was used up to the Second World War as a disinfectant and antiseptic in hospitals.
Properties & Uses
Appetite Disorders, Circulatory Problems, Coughs, Facial Neuralgia, Female Complaints, 'Flu, Hay Fever Headache, Migraine, Sinusitis, Skin Eruptions.
Aches & Pains, Acne, Boils & Carbuncles, Bruises, Burns, Colic, Colitis, Cystitis, Dandruff, Depression, Dermatitis, Diarrhea Digestive Problems, Dry Skin, Earache, Eczema, Enuresis, Fever, Flatulence, Gall Bladder, Gum Infections, Headaches And Migraine, Heartburn, High Blood Pressure, Hysteria And Panic, Immune System, Inflamed Skin, Inflammation, Insomnia, Irritability, Kidney Infections/Stones, Liver, Lymphatic Congestion, Loss Of Appetite, Menopause, Menstrual Problems, Mood Swings, Nausea And Vomiting, Neuralgia, Oversensitivity, PMS, Rheumatism, Skin Care, Sprains And Stiffness, Stomach Pains, Teething Problems, Vaginal Itching, Water retention.
Do not use during early pregnancy (risk of miscarriage).
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