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The esophagus is found behind the trachea and the heart. It begins at the pharynx and passes through the diaphragm to the stomach. It is a muscular tube which lacks cartilage. The main function of the esophagus is to pass food from the mouth to the stomach.

Crafts, R.C. 1985. A Textbook of Human Anatomy. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 906 pp.

Lockhart, R.D., G.F. Hamilton, et. al. 1974. Anatomy of The Human Body. Faber and Faber Limited. London. 697 pp.


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