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Epithelial Cell

Epithelial Cell

Epithelial cells form the epithelium, the layer of cells forming the epidermis of the skin and the surface layer of mucous and serous membranes. The cells rest on a basement membrane and lie closely approximated to each other with little intercellular material between them.

The epithelium may be simple, consisting of a single layer, or it may be stratified, consisting of several layers. Epithelium serves the general functions of protection, absorption, secretion and specialized functions such as movement of substances through ducts, production of germ cells and reception of stimuli.

Antony, C.P. & G.A. Thibodeaw. 1979. Textbook of Anatomy and Physiology. The C.V. Mosby Company, St. Louis. 731.

Kimber, D.C., C.E. Grey & C.E. Stackpole. Anatomy and Physiology, 15th ed. MacMillan Co., New York. 1966.