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Galactose is a monosaccharide. An isomer of glucose, this white crystaline substance resembles glucose in most of its properties, but is less soluble, less sweet and forms mucic acid when oxidized with nitric acid. Galactose is formed, along with glucose, during the hydrolysis of lactose. Galactose is readily absorbed in the digestive tract; it is converted into glycogen in the liver.

D-Galactose is found in milk sugar, in the cerebrosides of the brain, in the sugar beet, and in many gums and seaweed; L-galactose is found in flaxseed mucilage.

Thomas, C.L. 1985. Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Co. Pub., Philadelphia. 2170.


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